Masjid Gedhe Mataram, Kotagede (Yogyakarta)


Oleh A Ginanjar Sya’ban

Salah satu bangunan yang masih tersisa dari masa Kesultanan Mataram Islam (1588–1681 M).

Didirikan oleh penguasa pertama Kesultanan Mataram Islam, yaitu Panembahan Senapati (ing Alaga Sayyidin Panatagama Khalifatullah kang Jumeneng ing Tanah Jawa) sekitar tahun 1589. Sang Panembahan sendiri wafat pada tahun 1601.


Pembangunan dan pengembangan masjid terus dilanjutkan hingga mencapai puncaknya pada masa pemerintahan sang cucu panembahan, yaitu Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Maulana Mataram Hanyakrakusuma (Sultan Agung, m. 1613–1645), sultan terbesar Mataram Islam.

Corak arsitektur masjid ini memadukan unsur budaya Jawa Kuna (Hindu-Budha) dan Islam. Menengok masa awal pembangunan masjid ini di masa Panembahan Senapati (1589), usianya terpaut sekitar empat puluh tahun dengan Masjid Kudus yang didirikan oleh Syaikh Ja’far Shadiq al-Jawi (Sunan Kudus) pada tahun 1549 M. Karena itu tidaklah mengherankan jika corak gapura luar Masjid Gedhe Mataram sangat mirip dengan garupa Masjid Kudus. Hanya saja bedanya, di Masjid Gedhe Mataram tidak terdapat menara khas sebagaimana menara Masjid Kudus.

Pada pintu masuk utama bagian dalam masjid, terdapat inskripsi penanda proses perehaban masjid di abad ke-13 Hijri (19 Masehi). Inskripsi tersebut ditulis dalam bahasa Arab dan Jawa, diukir di atas selempeng kayu dan ditempatkan tepat di atas daun pintu. Inskripsi tersebut berbunyi sebagai berikut:

هذا الباب المسجد الحرام في التاريخ (؟) الكعبة تبع البلاد الأكبر سوركرت أدينعرة # هجرة النبي صم من مكة الى المدينة ألف ومئتين وأربع وثمنون سنة

(Ini adalah pintu Masjidil Haram pada tarikh (?) Ka’bah yang ikut pada [wilayah kekuasaan] Negara Besar Surakarta Adiningrat # Hijrah Nabi SAW dari Makkah ke Madinah tahun Seribu Dua Ratus Delapan Puluh Empat)

Ketika dikonversi ke penanggalan Gregorian, tahun 1284 Hijri yang termaktub dalam inskripsi di atas adalah 1867 Masehi.

Yang menarik bagi saya adalah keterangan nama “Surakarta Hadiningrat” yang tercantum pada inskripsi di atas sebagai “penguasa yang membawahi dan melakukan pembaharuan terhadap Masjid Gedhe Mataram”.

Bagaimana ini bisa terjadi? Masjid Gedhe Mataram terletak di Kotagede Yogyakarta, tetapi inskripsi tersebut menerangkan kalau masjid tersebut (dan Kotagede) di bawah kekuasaan Surakarta?

Begini rupanya jalan ceritanya:

Kesultanan Mataram resmi “bubar” dan terpecah menjadi dua pasca Perjanjian Giyanti pada tahun 1755. Pada saat itu, ibukota Mataram tidak lagi di Kotagede, tetapi sudah dipindah ke Kartasura (pada masa Amangkurat II, m. 1677-1703). Wilayah Mataram pasca Perjanjian Giyanti pun dipecah menjadi dua, yaitu Kasunanan Surakarta (penguasanya bergelar Sunan Pakubuwana) dan Kesultanan Yogyakarta (penguasanya bergelar Sultan Hamengkubuwana).

Sebelum tahun 1952, Kotagede secara geografis memang terdapat di Yogyakarta, namun ternyata secara administratif berada di bawah kekuasaan Kasunanan Surakarta yang cukup jauh dari Yogyakarta. Hal ini karena menurut Perjanjian Giyanti, Sunan Pakubuwana III yang dinobatkan sebagai penguasa Surakarta saat itu, dinyatakan sebagai “pewaris takhta Kesultanan Mataram Islam”, dan wilayah Kotagede berada di bawah kekuasaan Surakarta, bukan Yogyakarta.

Wallahu A’lam
Yogyakarta, Rabi’ul Awwal 1440 H/ November 2018


  1. I’m also commenting to let you be aware of of the helpful encounter our girl went through checking your webblog. She figured out plenty of issues, with the inclusion of what it’s like to have an ideal coaching mood to get other people completely learn several complicated subject matter. You really exceeded our own expected results. Many thanks for imparting these informative, trusted, educational and as well as fun tips about the topic to Julie.

  2. I wanted to compose you a little word to help thank you so much as before on your stunning concepts you have shared on this page. This has been really particularly generous of people like you to make without restraint precisely what most people might have offered as an e-book to get some money on their own, mostly since you might have tried it in the event you wanted. These principles as well worked as a easy way to realize that other people have the identical keenness really like my personal own to see a whole lot more in terms of this matter. I am sure there are millions of more pleasant opportunities in the future for people who take a look at your blog post.

  3. I together with my guys have already been taking note of the excellent thoughts found on your site then unexpectedly I got an awful suspicion I had not thanked the web blog owner for those strategies. These guys were definitely consequently glad to study all of them and already have in truth been taking advantage of those things. Many thanks for actually being quite kind and for considering such extraordinary areas most people are really desperate to be informed on. Our honest regret for not saying thanks to earlier.

  4. I actually wanted to compose a quick note in order to thank you for some of the pleasant ideas you are giving out at this website. My prolonged internet look up has now been compensated with wonderful points to write about with my guests. I would state that that we site visitors are truly blessed to live in a good site with many perfect individuals with very helpful tips and hints. I feel somewhat grateful to have discovered the webpages and look forward to tons of more excellent moments reading here. Thanks a lot once again for everything.

  5. I want to show my appreciation for your kind-heartedness supporting folks who require assistance with in this matter. Your very own dedication to passing the message up and down had become rather significant and have consistently encouraged employees much like me to arrive at their dreams. Your amazing insightful facts means so much to me and much more to my colleagues. Thanks a ton; from all of us.

  6. My wife and i were quite comfortable Edward could round up his web research out of the precious recommendations he received through your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic just to continually be handing out concepts that many some others may have been trying to sell. And we all fully understand we need the writer to give thanks to because of that. Those explanations you made, the simple blog navigation, the relationships you can help promote – it’s got most exceptional, and it is assisting our son and the family understand this situation is brilliant, which is really serious. Thanks for all the pieces!

  7. I have to express appreciation to the writer just for rescuing me from this difficulty. Just after browsing through the world wide web and coming across ideas which were not powerful, I thought my life was gone. Living devoid of the strategies to the problems you have resolved by means of this write-up is a serious case, and the kind that might have negatively affected my entire career if I had not come across your web page. That skills and kindness in handling the whole lot was very useful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t discovered such a point like this. I can also now look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time so much for the impressive and results-oriented help. I will not think twice to suggest your blog to anybody who should get guidelines on this issue.

  8. I enjoy you because of each of your efforts on this web site. Ellie take interest in getting into investigations and it is easy to understand why. All of us notice all relating to the lively tactic you deliver useful items via the blog and even improve participation from other individuals on this subject while our favorite child is actually being taught a lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year. You are always conducting a stunning job.

  9. Thank you so much for providing individuals with an extremely memorable chance to read in detail from here. It can be so pleasing and as well , stuffed with a good time for me personally and my office friends to search your web site at least three times in one week to study the latest items you have got. Of course, I’m also always amazed with the surprising principles served by you. Some 4 facts on this page are essentially the most impressive I’ve had.

  10. I’m also writing to let you know of the nice discovery my girl experienced studying your blog. She even learned a good number of details, which include what it is like to have an excellent helping nature to let others effortlessly know a number of extremely tough subject matter. You actually did more than visitors’ expected results. Thank you for presenting these interesting, trustworthy, explanatory and also fun tips about that topic to Tanya.

  11. I precisely had to say thanks once more. I’m not certain the things I would have handled without the entire smart ideas contributed by you over my area. It had been an absolute difficult case for me, but understanding this specialized technique you solved the issue made me to leap over fulfillment. I will be grateful for the help and in addition hope you know what an amazing job you are always putting in instructing other individuals by way of your web site. I’m certain you’ve never come across all of us.

  12. I have to voice my love for your kind-heartedness for those people that should have assistance with your subject matter. Your real commitment to passing the message throughout appears to be pretty functional and has constantly encouraged men and women like me to realize their dreams. The helpful report implies this much a person like me and further more to my fellow workers. Thanks a ton; from all of us.

  13. I would like to get across my appreciation for your kind-heartedness in support of individuals that have the need for help with your niche. Your special commitment to getting the message around appeared to be remarkably good and have specifically enabled most people like me to realize their desired goals. Your helpful publication entails a lot a person like me and extremely more to my office workers. With thanks; from all of us.

  14. I’m just writing to let you be aware of of the magnificent encounter our child undergone viewing the blog. She noticed too many issues, including what it’s like to have a wonderful helping character to make a number of people just fully understand selected very confusing things. You undoubtedly did more than my expected results. I appreciate you for delivering these interesting, safe, explanatory and in addition fun tips on the topic to Gloria.

  15. Needed to compose you one little bit of word so as to thank you very much the moment again regarding the beautiful suggestions you’ve contributed on this page. This is really shockingly open-handed of you giving unreservedly precisely what a few individuals would have marketed for an ebook to earn some cash for their own end, especially given that you could have tried it if you ever considered necessary. These strategies as well worked like the good way to be aware that other people have similar dream similar to my very own to learn way more with reference to this problem. I know there are millions of more enjoyable situations up front for many who view your site.

  16. I wish to point out my admiration for your generosity for those people who absolutely need help on the area. Your real commitment to getting the solution all-around had become particularly interesting and have regularly permitted ladies much like me to get to their goals. Your warm and friendly report can mean a lot a person like me and extremely more to my mates. Best wishes; from each one of us.

  17. I wanted to put you a little bit of word to thank you very much again for your great ideas you have shown on this site. This has been quite tremendously open-handed with you to present without restraint what exactly many of us might have offered for an e-book to get some money for themselves, certainly seeing that you could have done it if you ever desired. The advice likewise worked like a easy way to fully grasp that other individuals have a similar dreams the same as mine to know the truth very much more when considering this problem. I believe there are some more pleasurable periods up front for individuals who read through your blog.

  18. My husband and i were really more than happy that Emmanuel managed to deal with his preliminary research using the ideas he obtained when using the web pages. It is now and again perplexing to simply continually be releasing techniques which usually some others could have been selling. And we recognize we now have you to appreciate because of that. All the illustrations you have made, the easy web site navigation, the friendships you can make it possible to engender – it’s most spectacular, and it is making our son and our family believe that that concept is brilliant, which is certainly truly mandatory. Thank you for all!


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here