Hukum Memotong Kuku dan Rambut Bagi Orang yang Berqurban

49
610

Beberapa hari ini banyak jamaah dan orang awam yang bertanya tentang hukumnya orang yang sudah berniat Qurban. Ketika datang awal bulan Dzulhijjah, Dilarang memotong kuku dan rambut mereka sampai Hewan Qurban mereka selesai di sembelih di hari Idul Adha.

Pertanyaan-pertanyaan semacam ini muncul disebabkan adanya broadcast yang beredar di media sosial dari sebuah stasiun televisi yang melarang bagi Sohibul Qurban untuk memotong rambut, kuku, bahkan bagian tubuh yang lain sampai selesainya mereka berQurban, maka dalam hal ini perlu kita ketahui bahwa asal muasal larangan ini berasal dari hadist Ummi Salamah yang meriwayatkan bahwa Nabi Muhmmad saw pernah bersabda :

مَن كَانَ عِندَهُ ذبْحٌ يُرِيْدُ أَنْ يذبَحَهُ فَرَأَى هِلالَ ذِي الحِجَّةِ فلاَ يَمُسَّ مِن شَعْرِهِ وَ لاَ مِن أَظْفَرِهِ حتَّى يُضَحِّى.

“Barang siapa yang memiliki hewan qurban yang ingin dia sembelih di waktu Hari Raya Qurban, maka ketika dia melihat tanggal 1 Dzulhijjah hendaknya sekali-kali dia tidak memotong Rambutnya dan Kuku-kuku nya hingga dia selesai berQurban”_ (H.R. Imam Al-Baihaqi ).

Dari hadits inilah yang menyatakan Harom dan larangan untuk memotong rambut dan kuku ketika masuk bulan Dzulhijjah bagi yang berQurban sampai dia selesai melakukan qurban.

Ternyata pendapat ini hanya merupakan pendapat Madzhab Hambali dan bukan pendapat 3 Madzhab lainnya. Sedangkan di Indonesia mayoritas umat Islamnya bermadzhab Imam Syafi’i tidak menghukuminya Harom, tapi sekedar Makruh Tanzih.

Lebih jelasnya al-Imam Annawawi dalam kitabnya Majmu’ syarah Muhadzzab juz ke 8 bab tentang Udkhiyah menjelaskan tentang dalam hal memotong rambut dan kuku bahkan bagian tubuh yang lain diawal-awal bulan Dzulhijjah sampai selesainya menyembelih bagi sohibul qurban, Ulama berbeda pendapat dengan perincian :

1. Madzhab Imam Syafi’i menghukuminya Makruh Tanzih berdasarkan haditsnya Sayyidatina Aisyah riwayat Imam Bukhori Muslim.
2. Madzhab Imam Malik dan Imam abi Hanifah menghukuminya tidak makruh.
3. Pendapat Said ibnil Musayyib, Robiah, Imam Ahmad bin Hambal, Ishaq, dan Dawud Dhohiri menyatakan hukumnya Harom.

Akhirnya kalau kita melihat perincian diatas, tidak semua Madzhab menghukuminya Harom, Hanya Madzhab Hambali yang menyatakan Harom. Perlu diketahui, bahwa kita hidup di Indonesia yang mayoritas bermadzhab Imam Syafi’i,
Maka sebaiknya kita mengikuti pendapat Imam Syafii yang Makruh Tanzih, bukan Harom, Demikian yang bisa kami sampaikan, semoga bermanfaat.

oleh: H.M. Atho’illah Wijayanto, Wakil Katib Syuriah PCNU Kota Malang.

____________________
¹ Al-Majmu’ Syarah Muhadzzab Karya Imam Annawawi juz 8 hal 285-286, Cetakan Darul Fikr Beirut, Lebanon.

² Khasiyah At-Tarmisi Karya Syekh Muhammad Mahfudz Attarmisi juz 6 hal. 655-656, Cetakan Darul Minhaj, Jiddah – Saudi Arabiyah

49 KOMENTAR

  1. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend
    your website, how can i subscribe for a weblog web site?
    The account helped me a acceptable deal. I were tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast offered vibrant clear
    idea

  2. Fantastic site you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of
    any user discussion forums that cover the same topics talked about in this article?
    I’d really like to be a part of group where I can get feedback from other experienced individuals that share the same
    interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know.
    Kudos!

  3. I’m excited to uncover this site. I want to to thank you for your
    time for this fantastic read!! I definitely loved every bit of it and i also
    have you saved to fav to check out new stuff on your site.

  4. Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  5. wonderful post, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of this sector do not understand this.
    You must proceed your writing. I’m sure, you have a great readers’ base already!

  6. It’s in point of fact a nice and useful piece of
    info. I’m satisfied that you shared this helpful information with us.
    Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  7. Good day! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick
    shout out and tell you I truly enjoy reading through your blog posts.
    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the
    same topics? Many thanks!

  8. Great blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make
    my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your design. Thank you

  9. Howdy very nice blog!! Man .. Excellent ..
    Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m satisfied to find a lot of helpful info right here in the submit, we want
    develop more techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing.
    . . . . .

  10. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog?
    My website is in the very same area of interest as yours and my users would definitely
    benefit from a lot of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this alright with you. Cheers!

  11. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources
    back to your website? My website is in the exact
    same niche as yours and my visitors would truly benefit from a lot of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this alright with you. Regards!

  12. Hmm it looks like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and
    say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well
    am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any suggestions for inexperienced blog writers?
    I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  13. I absolutely love your blog and find almost all of your post’s to be
    exactly I’m looking for. Do you offer guest writers
    to write content available for you? I wouldn’t mind composing a post
    or elaborating on a few of the subjects you write with regards to here.
    Again, awesome web log!

  14. Hiya! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless
    I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging
    links or maybe guest writing a blog article or vice-versa?
    My blog goes over a lot of the same subjects as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other.

    If you’re interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail. I
    look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!

  15. Terrific work! That is the type of information that are meant to be shared across the web.

    Shame on the search engines for not positioning this publish upper!

    Come on over and visit my site . Thanks =)

  16. I’m really loving the theme/design of your
    site. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility problems?

    A handful of my blog visitors have complained about my website not working
    correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome. Do you have any ideas to help fix this issue?

  17. Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.
    Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very
    techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating my own but
    I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions?
    With thanks

  18. Hi, Neat post. There is an issue along with your website in internet explorer, might check this… IE nonetheless is the market leader and a huge section of other people will omit your great writing due to this problem.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here