Jejak Syaikh Nawawi Majene : Doktor Zakat Pertama Asal Nusantara

550 – Menelusuri jejak Syaikh Dr. Nawawi Yahya Abdul Razak Majene (Nawawi Majene), doktor zakat pertama asal Nusantara jebolan Kuliyyah Syari’ah, Universitas Al-Azhar Kairo, Mesir.

Beliau menyusun disertasi fikih zakat setebal k.l. 6000 halaman, dalam 8 jilid, dan berhasil mempertahankannya sebagai risalah doktoral di Universitas Al-Azhar pada tahun 1980. Karya tersebut dapat dikatakan menandingi kitab “Fiqh al-Zakat” yang disusun oleh ulama Mesir sebelumnya, yaitu Syaikh Dr. Yusuf al-Qardhawi.

Syaikh Nawawi Majene berasal dari Kampung Monjopai (Majapahit), yang berdekatan dengan Kabupaten Majene, Sulawesi Barat. Saat ini Kampung Monjopai ikut wilayah administratif Kecamatan Campalagian, Polewali Mandar.

Wilayah Campalagian tercatat banyak melahirkan ulama besar, seperti Sayyid Alwi Jamalullail yang berasal dari Lasem, Jawa Tengah, lalu berhijrah dan menetap di Campalagian hingga akhir hayatnya pada awal abad 20 M. Juga putranya, Sayyid Hasan Jamalullail, termasuk Sayyid Hasan Mahdali, Syaikh Arsyad Maddapungang, Syaikh Muhammad Zain Qadhi Campalagian, Syaikh Muhammad Thahir (Imam Lapeo), KH. Yahya Abdul Razak (ayah Syaikh Nawawi Majene), dan lain-lain.

Diriwayatkan bahwa Syaikh Nawawi Majene pernah belajar dan bermujawarah di Makkah selama beberapa tahun, lalu melanjutkan pengembaraan intelektualnya di Kairo, dengan belajar di Kuliyyah Syari’ah Universitas Al-Azhar hingga khatam jenjang tertinggi: doktoral. Syaikh Nawawi Majene juga beristrikan orang Mesir.

Sayangnya, Syaikh Dr. Nawawi Majene meninggal dunia tak lama setelah kepulangannya ke Kampung Monjopai pada tahun 1984. Beliau dimakamkan di dekat pusara ayahnya, KH. Yahya Abdul Razak, di komplek Masjid Manjopai.

Karya agung Syaikh Nawawi Majene sempat terlupakan selama sekian generasi lamanya, hingga pada tahun 2010-an, Dr. Muhammad Zain (saat ini Kepala Pusat LKKMO Kementrian Agama RI), berinisiatif untuk mencari dan menemukan kembali karya tersebut, dengan dibantu oleh Dr. Wajidi (IAIN Pontianak) dan Dr. Muchlish M. Hanafi (saat ini Kepala Lajnah Pentashih Al-Qur’an Kemenag RI).

لهم الفاتحة

Oleh : Ahmad Ginanjar Sya’ban (Filolog Santri/ Direktur INC)


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